Neoscytalidium Crous & Slippers, Stud. Mycol. (2006)
Index Fungorum number: IF 500868; Facesoffungi number: FoF 07628; – 3 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 7 species with molecular data.
Type species: Neoscytalidium dimidiatum (Penz.) Crous & Slippers, in Crous, Slippers, Wingfield, Rheeder, Marasas, Phillips, Alves, Burgess, Barber & Groenewald, Stud. Mycol. 55: 244 (2006)
≡ Torula dimidiata Penz., in Saccardo, Michelia 2(no. 8): 466 (1887)
Notes: In earlier studies, species belonging to this genus was introduced as Hendersonula toruloidea, which have conidia that become septate with a darker central cell and formed a Scytalidium-like synanamorph (Crous et al. 2006a). Since the description, the production of both arthroconidial and pycnidial synasexual morphs has been shown and led to several controversies in the nomenclature. However, the current genus name was introduced by Crous et al. (2006a) and other relevant epityfications and synonymisies by Madrida et al. (2009). Species in this genus have been reported as pathogens on human skin and nails (Campbell and Mulder 1977) and plants. Diseases reported associated with this genus tend to be more common in tropical regions (Polizzi et al. 2009, 2011; Phillips et al. 2013). There are four species in this genus (Phillips et al. 2013; Shi-kei Huang et al. 2016).